Before taking these modules, you may wish to read the foundation module first by
Rape & Sexual Assaults
This module introduces the student to the way sexual predators and rapists behave and act.
How they select targets/victims and gain access to them. This session is not overly concerned
with the different types/categories of sexual predators but the practical measures that can
be taken so as not to be identified as a target, and the ways of identifying the behaviors
and actions of would be sexual predators so that it is possible to disengage from them. The
module also addresses some of the myths that surrounds rape, rapists and sexual assaults.
Prevention is far better than a cure, and in this module students are introduced to the warning signs
that mark out potentially abusive partners (physical & non-physical) and ex-partners who may later
go on to be stalkers. It may be that students are in the early stages of a relationship and will
identify these signals in their partner, or it may be that they are trying to exit a relationship
and these warning signs will be something that they can relate to and reinforce their case for leaving
(it is not the aim of this module to offer advice on how to leave an abusive partner or resolve an
Stalkers & Stalking
Stalking is a strange crime because it is determined by the way the victim/target
perceives another person's actions and behaviors, rather than by those actions
themselves. A person can make continuous phone calls, send emails, have gifts and
packages delivered to another, and as long as that person doesn't feel at risk
from these actions or mind them happening they should not be defined as stalking.
When these actions and behaviors form a campaign, which causes the target/recipient
of them to fear for/consider their personal safety then the term "stalking" can be
applied. It is important to note that it is a string of activities committed over
time rather than odd isolated incidents, which really define stalking.
This module looks at the different types of defensive sprays that are available for personal protection.
It looks at and discusses the different merits of these and their various delivery mechanisms e.g.
sprays versus streams etc. as well as the effects that they have on an assailant. This module is a mix
of video and text, and teaches you everything you need to know about selecting a spray and deploying it
This module looks at how to behave when dealing with muggers and other financial predators
(pickpockets and the like). Certain abduction scenarios are also covered, especially when a
crime such as a mugging develops into an abduction and sexual assault etc. The primary aim
of this section is to debunk several myths around street robberies and muggings and the way
in which they should be handled and instead explain the modus operandi of the common mugger
and how they should be dealt with.
Date & Acquaintance Rape
This module looks at personal safety when in a variety of social settings such as bars, pubs and clubs,
as well as at parties and other social/public gatherings both at private and public venues. Rather than
just looking at self-protection when in these settings this module will also look at safety issues around
being out at night in general. This module will also focus in on date and acquaintance rape, and look at
detection, avoidance and preventative measures that can be taken to avoid becoming the victim of such
Home & Car Security
This module looks at some distinct situations that a person may find themselves in, and/or have concerns/questions about.
Although Home Invasions are rare, as is being at home when a burglary takes place etc. these are still incidents that do
happen and concern people. This module looks at preventative measures that can be put in place around home and car
security as well as how to non-physically deal with certain situations and scenarios should they occur. The situational
factors and principles that are demonstrated in this module should translate across scenarios and situations and not be
restricted just to those explained.
It is not only predatory individuals with pre-meditated plans to harm you that you need to be able to protect yourself from.
Violence and aggression can erupt "spontaneously" due to situational factors e.g. you spill a drink over somebody, inadvertently
take someone's parking space etc. Some of the people you will end up dealing with may be completely reactive in the way that
they respond, that is they react in the moment to the situation, without having any goal or end game in mind. Such situations
have the potential to be dealt with by verbal de-escalation, avoiding the need for any physical resolution.
When we are placed in potentially dangerous situations our fear system kicks in and we become adrenalized. This cocktail of chemicals and
hormones improves certain of our abilities and functions e.g. we become more tolerant to pain etc. and reduces others - we lose our peripheral
vision and get tunnel vision etc. Most people rarely experience these sensations and so when they do they often panic or freeze. In this module
we look at how to control the body's natural responses to fear and how to work with them in order to maximize their positive effects and
improve our survival chances.